Lava lamp bubbles

Make a homemade Lava Lamp

Lava lamps were very popular in the 1970’s. For some reason, your parents thought it was very fun to sit there and watch colorful liquid in a bottle swirl aimlessly around. They probably even chanted “Oh wow, the colors, the colors.” They became popular again a few years ago but as we know, kids today are much smarter, and thought that lava lamps were cool because they knew they demonstrated the scientific principles of immiscible liquids (liquids that just won’t mix). In this science experiment, we’ll create a real working lava lamp and explain to your parents why they really should be thought of as cool.

  1. Fill a glass jar with 3 inches of water or until it is 2/3 full
  2. Add food coloring – whichever color you like most
  3. Add 1/3 cup of vegetable oil and wait until the different layers settle. Add just enough to form a layer on top of the water.
  4. Shake salt into the jar for five seconds
  5. Cool! The oil and salt form a glob and sink to the bottom of the jar. As the salt dissolves in the water, the oil will float back to the top. Add more salt and it will repeat again.

The oil floats on the water because it is less dense (lighter) than the water (we won’t debate whether or not it’s less dense than Dad because Reeko’s been getting a lot of email from parents complaining about how he picks on dads all the time). Oil doesn’t mix with water either so it will not dissolve into the water. The salt however, is denser than water and heavier. When you shake the salt onto the oil, it clings to the oil and after a bit of it piles up, drags the denser blob to the bottom of the jar. Salt also will dissolve in water. After a while, the salt begins to dissolve in the water until it reaches a point where it can no longer hold down the glob of oil – the glob floats back to the surface where you can sprinkle more salt on it and repeat.

Think lava lamps are cool?  Check out the history of lava lamps and how the lava lamps you buy in the store work.

Pot of Gold Mini

Experiment Supplies

Supplies: Food dye, Salt, Vegetable oil, Glass jar

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